Cirrhosis Impact On Liver Function

When chronic diseases cause the liver to become permanently injured and scarred, the condition is called cirrhosis. The scar tissue that forms in cirrhosis harms the structure of the liver, blocking the flow of blood through the organ. The loss of normal liver tissue slows the processing of nutrients, hormones, drugs and toxins. When this blood backs up, it can also cause baggy veins, known as varicies, in the esophagus and the stomach. These veins are at a significant risk of rupturing and bleeding; any variciael bleed carries a 50 percent risk of death, however, some treatment options are available.

What causes cirrhosis?

There are many causes of cirrhosis. Long-term alcohol abuse is one major cause, while chronic hepatitis is another. In children, the most frequent causes are biliary atresia, a disease that damages the bile ducts, or neonatal hepatitis. Cirrhosis can also be caused by hereditary defects in iron or copper metabolism or prolonged exposure to toxins.

 

© 2013 KentuckyOne Health
200 Abraham Flexner Way•Louisville, KY•40202

Last Updated: 7/16/2014